Types of Ganoderma
A well-known health-preserving medicinal fungus, G. lingzhi is widely cultivated and produced in East Asia.Wild G. lingzhi is distributed in China,Korea, and Japan, and its fruiting bodies primarily grows on the ground of Fagaceae forests. G lingzhi is effective against tumors, neurasthenia, aging, and allergies, Furthermore, it can be used to expel tozins in the liver, strengthen the cardiovascular system, reduce high blood pressure, lower blood sugar, suppress coughing, eliminate phlegm, and relieve asthmatic symptoms.
G. sinense grows in the hot and rainy regions to the south of China’s Yangtze River, as well as in Taiwan. The color of its pileus surface is dark purple or nearly black. A type of medicinal fungus listed in the Chinese pharmacopoeia, G. sinense can enhance the functions of the human immune system and treat high blood pressure. It can also protect the liver and has anti-aging and anti-neurasthenia properties.
G. applanatum is pan-temperate in distribution, and grows on broad-leaved tree trunks. It is effective against cancer and rheumatic tuberculosis, has pain-relieving and hemostatic effects, and can relieve pathological heat and eliminate phlegm.
G. tsugae is primarily found in Northeast China. It generally grows on coniferous trees and occasionally on broad-leaved trees. Its fruiting bodies are similar to those of G lingzhi in appearance, possess higher water content when fresh, and are light in weight when dried. The efficacies of this fungus are comparable to those of G. lingzhi.
T. versiclolr is a cosmopolitan species. After being dried and ground into powder, the fruiting bodies of T.versicolor generate the pharmaceutical ingredient glucan, which can be used to treat hepatitis B and chronic hepatitis. However, glucan must be cooked in boiling water and ingested orally for better absorption. The T.versicolorpolysaccharopepted, was issued the first fungal drug license in China. This substance can enhance the immune system of cancer patients, assisting in their cancer coping process caused by chemotherapy and radiation therapy and stimulates the patients’ appetite while reducing pain.
H.erinaceus is pan-temperate in distribution, and grows on broad-leaved trunks, particularly those of oak trees. This edible fungus is delicious, mild, sweet, and good for the five internal organs. It can also facilitate digestion, improve the human immune system, and induce certain therapeutic effects for gastrointestinal diseases including gastric ulcers, duodenal ulcers, chronic gastritis, gastric cancer, and esophageal cancer.
A. Blazei originated from Brazil and Peru. Wild A. blazeigrows on grass or in natural compost. It can enhance the immune systm; help fight cancer; and lower blood sugar, high blood pressure, and cholesterol levels. A. blazei can be detrimental to human health because of its superior adsorption strength, which allows it to adsorb the heavy metal and pesticide residues present in the soil in which it is cultivated. Therefore, consuming uncontaminated A. blazei is critical.